When To Plant Brussels Sprouts In South Carolina? (With a list of other plants)

When To Plant Brussels Sprouts In South Carolina
Brussels Sprouts Plant Growing

Named for the Belgian city and they have grown around for 400 years, Brussels sprouts are a member of the cabbage family and close cousins of broccoli, cauliflower, and kale grows best in cool, humid climates. 

When to plant Brussels sprouts in South Carolina?  Generally, the best time to plant Brussels sprouts outside in South Carolina is when there hasn’t been a frost for about two weeks in your area. Brussels sprouts, scientifically known as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera, are slow-growing vegetables with a long season of about 80 to 100 days, depending on the variety.

Read on to find out how to successfully plant, grow, care and harvest Brussels sprouts in South Carolina.

You might also love reading: When To Plant Collards In South Carolina? 

Brussels Sprouts Plant Characteristics 

To successfully grow Brussels sprouts, it is essential to understand their growth conditions. The table below contains the general characteristics of the Brussels sprouts plant.

Common names – Brussels Sprouts
– Sprouts
Plant Type– Annual
– Vegetable
– Cool Season Vegetable
– Edible
Mature size Height: 24 to 36 inches (60.96 to 91.44 cm) 
Width: 12 to 24 inches ( 30.48 to 60.96 cm)
Light requirement – Brussel Sprouts thrive in full sun, about six or more hours of direct sunlight a day, 
– Or also do well in partial shade with only 2 to 6 hours of direct sunlight only. 
Preferred Propagation StrategySeed
Soil pH Requirements 6.0 to 8.0
Best Soil For Brussels Sprouts – Clay
– Sandy
– Loam (Silt)
Soil DrainageBrussels sprouts do well in moist and well-drained soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone2 to 11 
Country Of OriginBrussels, Belgium
Insects Other Plant Problems– Aphids
– Cabbageworm
– Caterpillars
– Slugs
– And flea beetles
Diseases– Leaf spots
– Black rot
– And blackleg
Table Contains Brussels Sprouts Plant Characteristics – (Source: North Carolina State University)

When To Plant Brussels Sprouts In South Carolina?

The best time to plant Brussels sprouts outside in South Carolina is whenever there hasn’t been a frost for about two weeks. I suggest you plant your Brussels sprouts during the cool temperatures of early spring and fall. Brussels sprouts require room to spread out. It is a good idea to space them 18 to 24 inches (45.72 to 60.96 cm) apart in an area and ensure they get six or more hours of sun daily and has well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 6.8.

Finding the right time to plant Brussels sprouts in South Carolina can be challenging because Brussel Sprouts cannot typically survive frost or freezing weather under 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

Therefore, they will die if you plant Brussels sprouts outside too early in the spring. Also, if you grow them too late, your Brussels sprouts won’t be fruitful before the first frost arrives in the fall.

When To Plant Brussels Sprouts In South Carolina
When To Plant Brussels Sprouts In South Carolina? – plantsheaven.com.

South Carolina By Gardening Regions

The table below contains a breakdown of gardening regions in South Carolina.

PiedmontCoastal Plain
– Anderson
– Abbeville
– Chester
– Cherokee
– Fairfield
– Chesterfield
– Edgefield
– Kershaw
– Greenville
– Greenwood
– Marlboro
– Lancaster
– Laurens
– Newberry
– McCormick
– Pickens
– Oconee
– Spartanburg
– Saluda
– York Counties
– Union
– Aiken
– Bamberg
– Allendale
– Beaufort
– Barnwell
– Calhoun
– Berkeley
– Clarendon
– Charleston
– Dillon
– Colleton
– Darlington
– Florence
– Dorchester
– Hampton
– Georgetown
– Lee
– Horry
– Jasper
– Marion
– Lexington
– Richland
– Orangeburg
– Williamsburg Counties
– And Sumter
Table Shows Gardening Regions In South Carolina – plantsheaven.com (Source: Clemson University)

What Crops And When Can You Plant Them In South Carolina?

When vegetables are planted outside in South Carolina depends on the cold hardiness of the crops.

Typically, vegetables can be categorized into two types based on temperature requirements: cool-season and warm-season crops.

  • Cool-season vegetables generally grow poorly in the summer heat: If you plan to grow cool-season crops that continue to thrive well past the earliest freeze in the fall, ensure you start them early enough to mature before hard freezes appear. 
  • Warm-season crops mostly require warm weather for seed germination and plant growth: They are damaged by freezing temperatures and should not be grown outdoors in the spring without protection or until the danger of freezing temperatures is past.
    • If you decide to plant warm-season crops in the summer, make sure you plant them early enough to harvest them before the killing freeze in the fall.

The table below shows planting dates in South Carolina:

Plants Types Dates to Plant in Piedmont During SpringDates to Plant in Piedmont During FallDates to Plant in Coastal During SpringDates to Plant in Coastal During FallDays to Harvest
Brussels SproutsNot a good ideaAugust 15th to September 15thNot a good ideaSeptember 15th to October 15th90 to 100 days
Pole BeansApril 15th to July 1stJuly 20th to August 1stApril 1st to June 1stAugust 1st to September 1st60 to 70 days
Lima BeansMay 1st to June 15thJuly 1st to July 15thApril 15th to June 1stJuly 15th to August 1st65 to 75 days
Broccoli March 20th to April 30thAugust 15th to September 15thMarch 1st to April 10thSept 1st to Sept 30th60 to 70 days
CarrotsFebruary 15th to March 31thAugust 1st to Sep 15thFebruary 1st to March 15thSept 1st to Sept 15th60 to 70 days
BeetsMarch 15th to May 31July 15th to Aug 31February 15th to Mar 31Aug 15th to Sept 3050 to 60 days
Cabbage March 15th to April 30thJuly 15th to August 31February 1st to March 31August 15th to September 30th60 to 80 days
Tomato May 1 to June 30Not a good ideaMarch 1 to April 30thJuly 1st to Jul 3170 to 80 days
Summer SquashApril 15th to Jul 31July 15th to August 15thMarch 15th to July 31August 1st to Aug 3150 to 60 days
Winter SquashApril 15th to June 15thNot a good ideaMarch 20th to May 1August 1st to August 3190 to 120 days
Pepper May 1st to June 30Not a good ideaApril 1st to May 15thJuly 10th to August 10th60 to 70 days
CollardsMarch 15th to June 30thAugust 1st to September 30thFebruary 1st to June 15thAugust 1st to October 30th60 to 70 days
KaleMarch 15th to June 30August 1st to September 30thFebruary 1st to June 15thAugust 1st to October 30th50 to 55 days
CucumberApril 15th to June 5thAugust 1st to September 30thMarch 15th to May 15thAugust 1st to August 30th50 to 60 days
LettuceMarch 1st to May 15thNot a good ideaFebruary 1st to April 15thSeptember 5th to November 1stAbout 40 to 70 days
TurnipsMarch 15 to April 30thAugust 1st to September 15thFebruary 1st to April 1stAugust 1st to September 30th
60 to 70 days
Garden PeasMarch 1st to April 5thAugust 15th to October 30thFebruary 1st to March 15th August 15th to November 30th65 to 80 days
Southern Peas April 15th to July 15thNot a good ideaApril 1st to June 15thJuly 15th to August 1st75 to 85 days
Spinach March 15th to April 15thAugust 1st to September 30thFebruary 1st to April 1stAugust 15th to October 15th50 to 60 days
Table Shows What And When You Can Plant In South Carolina – plantsheaven.com (Source: Clemson University)

What to read next:

Wrapping Up

The best time to grow Brussels sprouts depends on where you live in South Carolina. In Piedmont, during Fall, the best time to grow Brussels sprouts is between August 15th to September 15th, and in Coastal, during Fall best time to grow Brussels sprouts is September 15th to October 15th, according to expert gardeners from Clemson University.

With proper care, you can produce a wide variety of crops in South Carolina; I suggest you follow the recommended planting time for optimal results. 


Hello friends, I am Altiné. I am SO excited you are here! I am the guy behind Plantsheaven.com. Plants Heaven is a blog that shares information about preparing, creating, and maintaining gardens in and out of your home, regardless of where you live. My goal is to help you learn to love gardening and reap the benefits that come with it. I am still learning; therefore, the information I share on this site may not always be “expert” advice or information. But, I do my VERY best to make sure the information shared on this blog is both accurate and helpful.

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